Back to top

All Saints Church of England Primary and Nursery School

Modern Foreign Languages (MFL)

‘The limits of my language mean the limits of my world.’  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Why is language learning important for children?

When children learn a new language, they are introduced to customs and values belonging to a different society. This encourages them to think from a new point of view.

Learning a new language reinforces understanding of English, develops confidence and encourages children to solve problems and ask questions.


All children in Key Stage 2 learn to listen to, speak, read, and write in Spanish, starting with simple greetings and phrases.


They will be taught appropriate balance of spoken and written language.  This will lay the foundations for further foreign language teaching at Key Stage 3.  Children will be taught to understand and communicate ideas, facts and feelings in speech and writing, focused on familiar and routine matters, using their knowledge of phonology, grammatical structures and vocabulary. 

Pupils are taught to:

  • listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by joining in and responding
  • explore the patterns and sounds of language through songs and rhymes and link the spelling, sound and meaning of words
  • engage in conversations; ask and answer questions; express opinions and respond to those of others; seek clarification and help
  • speak in sentences, using familiar vocabulary, phrases and basic language structures
  • develop accurate pronunciation and intonation so that others understand when they are reading aloud or using familiar words and phrases
  • present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences
  • read carefully and show understanding of words, phrases and simple writing
  • appreciate stories, songs, poems and rhymes in the language
  • broaden their vocabulary and develop their ability to understand new words that are introduced into familiar written material, including through using a dictionary
  • write phrases from memory, and adapt these to create new sentences, to express ideas clearly
  • describe people, places, things and actions orally and in writing
  • understand basic grammar appropriate to the language being studied, including: feminine, masculine forms and the conjugation of high-frequency verbs; key features and patterns of the language; how to apply these, for instance, to build sentences; and how these differ from or are similar to English.


By the end of Key Stage 2 all pupils should be able to

  • understand and respond to spoken and written language from a variety of authentic sources
  • speak with increasing confidence, fluency and spontaneity, finding ways of communicating what they want to say, including through discussion and asking questions, and continually improving the accuracy of their pronunciation and intonation
  • write at varying length, for different purposes and audiences, using the variety of grammatical structures that they have learnt
  • discover and develop an appreciation of a range of writing in the language studied.

You will find the MFL Progression of Knowledge Document here.  It is a working document and based on advice from the Ensemble Languages Project.

Listening Progression of KnowledgeReading Progression of KnowledgeSpeaking Progression of KnowledgeWriting and Grammar Progression of Knowledge